Biographical Dictionary of Cincinnati Architects, 1788-1940
Author: Walter E. Langsam
Contemporary photographs: Alice Weston
Editors: Susannah Sachdeva and Sue Ann Painter
Publisher: Architectural Foundation of
AA&BN= American Architect & Building News.
AIA College= American Institute of Architects, AIA College of Fellows History & Directors, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2000.
AR= Architectural Record.
Architecture: Albert Kahn= Architecture: Albert Kahn Associated Architects and Engineers, Incorporated, Architectural Catalog Co., 1948.
"Art Deco and the Cincinnati Union Terminal”= University of Cincinnati Department of Art History, 1973.
Aslet= Clive Aslet, The Last Country Houses, Yale University Press: 1985.
Baird= Nancy Disher Baird, Tradition & Progress: A History of Hummel Industries, Incorporated, 1977.
Banham= Reyner Banham, A Concrete Atlantis: U.S. Industrial Building and European Modern Architecture 1900-1925, MIT Press: 1986.
BEO= Biographical Encyclopedia of Ohio, 1876, 1883.
Besinger and O’Gorman= Curtis Besinger and James F. O’Gorman, Working with Mr. Wright: What It Was Like, Cambridge University Press: 1997.
Beth A. Sullebarger= Beth A. Sullebarger, A Guide to Art and Architecture in Cincinnati Parks, City of Cincinnati: 1995.
Betsky= Aaron Betsky, James Gamble Rogers and the Architecture of Pragmatism (American Monograph), The MIT Press: 1994.
BGC= Bicentennial Guide to Cincinnati, edited by Jeffrey Giglierano and Deborah Overmyer, 1988.
Birnbaum and Karson= Charles A. Birnbaum and Robin Karson, Pioneers of American Landscape Design, McGraw-Hill Professional: 2000.
Bolger= Burke Bolger, In Pursuit of Beauty, Rizzoli: 1986.
Bouscaren= Louis Henri Bouscaren, The Bridge Builder: Louis Frederic Gustave Bouscaren, 1840-1904, Cincinnati: Louis Henri Gustave Bouscaren, 1953.
Brunk= Thomas W. Brunk, Leonoard B. Willeke, excellence in architecture and design; University of Detroit Press: 1986.
Bucci= Federico Bucci, Albert Kahn, Architect of Ford, N.Y.: Princeton Architectural Press, 1993.
Butcher and Flanders= Mike Butcher and Gill Flanders, Bendigo Historic Buildings, National Trust of Australia [Victoria], Central Victorian Branch, 1987.
CAIA/CAM= A series of 4 exhibitions of local and national architectural renderings held at the Cincinnati Art Museum in the early 20th century, sponsored by the Cincinnati Chapter of the American Institute of Architects.
Centennial Review= Centennial Review of Cincinnati,Cincinnati: J.M. Elstner & Co., Publishers, 1888.
Christen= Barbara S. Christen, “Patronage and Process: Cass Gilbert and Cincinnati’s Union Central Life Insurance Company Building,” April 2008, paper presented at Society of Architectural Historians conference, Cincinnati, Oh.
Christen and Flanders= Barbara S. Christen and Steven Flanders, edited by Cass Gilbert, Life and Work: Architect of the Public Domain, NY: W.W. Norton & CO., 2001.
Cincinnati Business Proclamation= 1900.
Cist= Charles Cist, The Cincinnati Directories, 1792-1868.
The City of Cincinnati and Its Resources= 1891.
Clouten= Neville H. Clouten, “The Old Montgomery County Court House, Dayton, Ohio,” JSAH, XXVI, 4, 12/1967.
Colvin= Howard M. Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840, 1954; 1978.
Condit= C.W. Condit, The Railroad and the City: A Technological and Urbanistic History of the City, Ohio State University Press: 1977.
Connick= Chalres Connick, Adventures in Light and Color, Random House: 1937.
Cuvier= Cuvier Press Club, Cincinnati “the Queen city”: newspaper reference book, Cincinnati: The Cuvier Press Club, 1914.
Dabney= Wendell Dabney, Cincinnati Colored Citizens: Historical, Sociological, and Biographical, 1926.
Dierecke= H.W. Dierecke, Cincinnati und Sein Deutschthum, Queen City Publishing: 1901.
Directory of Boston Architects 1846-1970=Compiled by Boston City Directories and Related Works, Massachusetts Committee for the Preservation of Architectural Records, 2nd rev. ed. Cambridge, MA: COPAR, 1985.
E. Delaire= Edmond-Augustin Delaire, Les Architectes Eleves de l’Ecole des Beaux-Arts, 1793-1907, Paris: Librairie de la Construction Moderne, 1907.
Ehrlinger= David Ehrlinger, The Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden From Past to Present, Cincinnati: The Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden, 1993.
Elwood= Philip Homer Elwood, American Landscape Architecture, N.Y.: Architecture Book Publishing Company, 1924.
Engelbrecht= June Engelbrecht, unpublished paper on Ivorydale.
Fetter= Notable Men of Cincinnati, 1903.
First Report of the Alumni in Architecture of Harvard University 1932= Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1932.
Ford= Henry A. Ford and Kate B. Ford, History of Cincinnati, Ohio with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches, 1881.
Fortin= Roger Fortin, Faith and Action: A History of the Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati, 1821-1996, Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2002.
Glendale= Clipson, Glendale’s Heritage: Glendale, Ohio, 1976
Goss= Charles Frederick Goss, Cincinnati, the Queen City 1788-1912, S.J. Publishing Company: 1912.
Greiff= Constance M. Greiff, John Notman, Architect, 1810-1865, Athenaeum of Philadelphia: 1979.
Greve= Charles Theodore Greve, Centennial History of Cincinnati and Representative Citizens, Biographical Pub. Co.: 1904.
Griswold and Weller= Mac Griswold and Eleanor Weller, The Golden Age of American Gardens: Proud Owners – Private Estates – 1890-1940, Harry N. Abrams: 2000.
Haverstock= Mary Sayre Haverstock, Artists in Ohio, 1787-1900, 2000.
Heckscher= August Heckscher, Open Spaces: Life of American Cities, Harper & Row: 1978.
Hewitt= Mark Alan Hewitt, The Architect & the American Country House (1890-1940),Yale University Press: 1990.
Hildebrand= Grant Hildebrand, Designing for Industry: The Architecture of Albert Kahn, Cambridge, Mass.: 1974.
100th Year Anniversary St. Mary Parish Directory 1898-1998= “Our Heritage: History compiled by Tom Donnellon,” Galion, Oh: United Church Directories, 1998.
Illustrated Cincinnati= Illustrated Cincinnati: the Queen City of the West. Its past, present and future, NY: Acme Publishing and Engraving Co., 1891.
In Pursuit of Beauty= Doreen Bolger Burke, Jonathan Freedman, Alice Cooley Freylinghuysen, David A. Hanks, Marilynn Johnson, James D. Kornwolf, Catherine Lynn, Roger B. Stein, Jennifer Tober, and Catherine Hoover Voorsanger, In Pursuit of Beauty: Americans and the Aesthetic Movement, New York: Rizzoli, 1987.
Inland Architect (IA)= Inland Architect, X, 3, 10/1887.
Irish and Gilbert= Sharon Irish and Cass Gilbert, Architect: Modern Traditionalist, NY: The Monacelli Press, 1999.
Jackson and Gilder= Richard S. Jackson, Jr., & Cornelia Brooke Gilder, Houses of the Berkshires, 1870-1930, NY: Acanthus Press, 2006.
Jenkins and Mohney= Stover Jenkins and David Mohney, The Houses of Philip Johnson, Abbeville Press: 2004.
Joblin= Maurice Joblin, Cincinnati past and present: or, its industrial history as exhibited in the life-labors of its leading men, Cincinnati: Elm Street Printing Co., 1872.
JSAH= Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians.
Kenny= Daniel J. Kenny, Cincinnati illustrated: a pictorial guide to Cincinnati and the suburbs, Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & co., 1879,
Kervick= Francis W. Kervick, Architects in America of Catholic Tradition, Rutland, Vt.: Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1962.
Kihlstedt= Folke A. Kihlstedt, "Miami Purchase Association Survey Brochure," 1969.
Klaus= Susan L. Klaus, A Modern Arcadia: Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. and the Plan for Forest Hills Gardens, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002.
Krebs= Robert T. Krebs, The Celestial City: A History of the Cathedral Basilica of Assumption, Diocese of Covington: 1991.
Langsam= Walter E. Langsam, Great Houses of the Queen City, 1997.
Leading Manufacturers= Leading Manufacturers and Merchants of Cincinnati and Environs, NY: International Publishing Co, 1886.
Lee= Antoinette Josephine Lee, Architects to the Nation, US: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Leonard= Lewis Alexander Leonard, Greater Cincinnati and Its People, 1927.
Linda Oliphant Stanford= Linda Oliphant Stanford, ”Railway Designs by Fellheimer and Wagner, New York to Cincinnati,” Queen City Heritage, XLIII, III, Fall 1985.
MacKay= Robert B. MacKay, Long Island Country Houses and Their Architects, 1860-1940,W.W. Norton & Company: 1997.
Macmillan Encyclopedia= Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects, 1982.
Makinson= Randell L. Makinson, "The Gamble House by Greene and Greene," Prairie School Review, IV, 1968.
Marquis= Who Was Who in America, 1916-1917, Vol. IX, 1916. Also Who Was Who in America, 1951-1960, Vol. III, 1960.
Master Builders= Antoinette Josephine Lee, Master Builders: A Guide to Famous American Architects, Wiley: 1985.
Maxwell= Sidney D. Maxwell, The Suburbs of Cincinnati, Arno Press: 1974.
Meacham and Meacham= Eleanor Rapp Meacham and Standish Meacham, Jr. Cincinnati Houses Designed by Walter L. Rapp and Standish Meacham, 1930-1942, 1982.
Memoirs of the Miami Valley= Chicago, Ill.: Robert O. Law Co.. 1920.
Mendelson= Anne Mendelson, Stand Facing the Stove, Simon and Schuster: 2003.
Menefee= V. Worth Menefee, Cincinnati, O., “The Queen City”: A panoramic portrayal of the varied activities and interests of Cincinnati, Oh,.1926.
Merkel= Jayne Merkel, In Its Place: The Architecture of Carl Strauss and Ray Roush, Cincinnati: Contemporary Arts Center, 1984.
Merkel, AIC= Jayne Merkel, Architecture in Cincinnati, 2006.
Mullett= A.B. Mullett, A.B. Mullett Diaries: Annotated Documents, Research and Reminiscence Regarding a Federal Engineer Architect (1834-1890), Mullett Smith Press: 1985.
NYCOPAR= New York Cooperative Preservation of Architectural Records.
Painter, A Floral Paradise= Sue Ann Painter, A Floral Paradise: Driving Tour of Delhi Township, Delhi Historical Society, 1999.
Painter, AIC= Sue Ann Painter, Architecture in Cincinnati, 2006.
Painter, “Architecture and Urban Living”= Sue Ann Painter, “Architecture and Urban Living in Historic Cincinnati” in Blue Book of Cincinnati, 2008.
Papworth= Wyatt Papworth, John B. Papworth, Architect to the King of Wurtemburg [sic]: A Brief Record of His Life and Works, London: 1879.
Parks= Warren Wright Parks, The Mariemont Story: a national exemplar in town planning, Creative Writers & Publishers: 1967.
Pennoyer and Walker= Peter Pennoyer and Anne Walker, The Architecture of Delano & Aldrich, W.W. Norton & Co.: 2003.
Phillips= Hazel Spencer Phillips, Traditional Architecture, Warren County, Ohio,
Representative Men of Ohio= 1926.
R.G. Wilson= R.G. Wilson, The AIA Gold Medal, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1984.
Rogers= Millard F. Rogers, Jr., John Nolen and Mariemont: Building a New Town in Ohio, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.
Sarna and Klein= Jonathan D. Sarna and Nancy H. Klein, The Jews of Cincinnati, 1989.
Schulte= E.J. Schulte, “The Lord was My Client”, ca. 1970.
Schwartz= James Schwartz, Hamilton, Ohio: Its Architecture and History, The Hamilton City Planning Department: 1986.
Scott= Mel Scott, American City Planning Since 1890, American Planning Association: 1995.
SGC= Spring Grove Cemetary, Burial Records, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Shotwell= John Brough Shotwell, A History of the Schools of Cincinnati, The School Life Company: 1902.
Souvenir Album of American Cities= Souvenir Album of American Cities: Catholic Churches of Cincinnati and Hamilton County, Ohio, Edition, Cincinnati: United States Church Album Publishing Co., 1896.
Stegner= Cliff M. Stegner, "The Harrison Building," Transactions of the Association of Civil Engineers of Cornell University, XIII (1904-1905).
Sullebarger, AIC= Beth Sullebarger, Architecture in Cincinnati, 2006.
Sullebarger= paper on churches for the SAH national annual meeting, Cincinnati, 1990.
Tatman and Moss= Sandra L. Tatman and Roger W. Moss, Biographical Dictionary of Philadelphia Architects 1700-1930, Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall & Co., 1985.
Tenkotte and Langsam= Paul Tenkotte and Walter E. Langsam, “A Tour of Covington Churches.”
Tenoever= “Shulte,” UC M.A.: 1974.
Torre= Susana Torre, Women in American Architecture: A historic and cotemporary perspective, New York: Whitney Library of Design, 1977.
Van Vynckt= Van Vynckt, Randall, ed., International Dictionary of Architects and Architecture. Detroit: St. James Press, 1993. 2 vols.
Varady= Aharon Varady, Bond Hill: Origin and Transformation of a 19th Century Cincinnati Railroad Suburb, 2005.
W. Hawkins: Ferry= W. Hawkins: Ferry, The Buildings of Detroit. A History, Wayne State University Press: 1968.
WA&B= Western Architect & Builder.
Ward= James Ward, Architects in Practice, New York City, 1840-1900, COPAR: 1989.
White= Virginia S. White, From Camargo to Indian Hill, Indian Hill, Oh: The Indian Hill Historical Museum Association, 1983.
Wilson= Dreck Spurlock Wilson, African-American Architects: A Biographical Dictionary, 1865-1940, N.Y.: Routledge, 2003.
Wimberg= Robert J. Wimberg, Cincinnati: Over-The-Rhine: A historical guide to 19th century buildings and their residents, Ohio Book Store: 1988.
Withey= Henry & Elsie Rathburn Withey, Biographical Dictionary of American Architects, 1956, reprint, L.A.: Hennessey & Ingalls, 1970.
Wodehouse= Lawrence Wodehouse, American Architects from the Civil War to the First World War, 1976, I.
Wodehouse, British Architects= Lawrence Wodehouse, British Architects 1840-1976: A guide to information sources, 1978.
Wolner= Edward W. Wolner, “Design and Civic Identity in Cincinnati’s Carew Tower complex,” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, LI, 1, March 1985.
Zukowsky= John Zukowsky, Chicago Architecture 1872-1922, Munich: 1987.